The Olympic biathlon : recent advances and perspectives after Pyeongchang / Marko S. Laaksonen, Malin Jonsson, Hans-Christer Holmberg

Laaksonen, Marko S. | Holmberg, Hans-Christer | Jonsson, Malin

The biathlon, combining cross-country ski skating with rifle marksmanship, has been an Olympic event since the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, United States, in 1960. As a consequence of replacing the classical with the skating technique in the 1980s, as well as considerable improvements in equipment and preparation of ski tracks and more effective training, the average biathlon skiing speed has increased substantially. Moreover, the mass-start, pursuit, and sprint races have been introduced. Indeed, two of the four current individual Olympic biathlon competitions involve mass-starts, where tactics play a major role and the outcome is often decided during the last round of shooting or final sprint


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