The diffusion of olympic sport through regional games : a comparison of pre and post second war contexts / by Dikaia Chatziefstathiou

Chatziefstathiou, Dikaia

Edited by [s.n.]. Canterbury - 2008

This research specifically examined aspects in relation to the Regional Games and particularly in relation to the Far Eastern Championships and the African Games, organized in the prewar period, and the resistance movement of the GANEFO Games, hosted in the troubled postwar context. The research approach that was adopted in this project seeks to identify the structures and processes in development at play across these two periods in the Olympic world. This was done by the archival analysis of several documents (such as correspondence, minutes, proceedings etc.) found at the Olympic Studies Centre of the IOC. The method that was followed for the analysis of the collected documents was the Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA) and more specifically the variation of the Ethnographic Content Analysis (ECA). The prewar period provided evidence of colonial interests in the diffusion of modern sport and a concentration of power on the IOC as a key international organization in enabling and/or constraining any other sporting regional movements to survive or cease. The prewar period, especially in the context of Asia, witnessed the existence of Eastern imperialism which added another pressure on sporting structures, beyond the western cultural imperialist practices and forces. In relation to the postwar period, the major concerns on the part of the Western elite represented within the IOC were linked to a fear of a threat to the global / universalist claims of the IOC. The organization and hosting of the Games of the Newly Emerging Forces (GANEFO Games) in 1965 posed a real threat of a breakaway movement to the IOC and reflects part of the challenges and tensions raised in the postwar context.

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